As the sun dips below the horizon and the colors begin to change, take a moment to step outside your house, take a deep breath, and turn your gaze upwards.
The majesty of the night sky is an incredible sight to behold, filled with incredible shades of black, blue, and indigo.
The endless display is interspersed with tiny pinpricks of light, each depicting a series of mind-blowing chemical reactions too far away for us to comprehend and offering a glimpse back in time with every twinkle.
There is no denying that the night sky is a beautiful sight – but what if you want to capture it?
Photographing the night sky can be a challenging task, as it’s often difficult to determine how to properly expose the scene and make sure all of its details and colors become visible in the photograph; the moon, for example, is notoriously shy when it comes to being photographed and can be difficult to capture without the right equipment and understanding.
Fortunately for you, we’ve created an easy-to-follow guide on how to photograph the night sky, so you too can join the ranks of budding astrophotographers.
Plan Your Trip
One of the most important things to consider when photographing the night sky is your location. It’s important to do your research and find a spot that is both dark and clear, as this will ensure that you get the best possible photos.
Taking photographs in an urban area with lots of light pollution can be a difficult task, as it will be hard to see any stars due to all the light being emitted.
Finding a spot in the mountains or somewhere far away from cities will give you the best chance of capturing some stunning images.
Choose Your Equipment
Once you’ve decided on a location, it’s time to select the right equipment for your shoot. You need to make sure that you have a camera with manual settings, as this will allow you to adjust the exposure levels and get the most out of your photos.
You’ll also need a tripod to ensure that the camera is stable and to reduce any camera shake, as well as a wide-angle lens to allow you to capture as much of the night sky in one shot as possible (see also “Capturing The Beauty Of Starry Skies“).
Set Your Exposure Settings
Once you’ve got your gear ready to go, it’s time to set up your camera. Start by selecting a low ISO setting – usually 100 or 200 – as this will give you cleaner, sharper images without any noise or grain.
The next step is to select an aperture of f /2.8 or lower, as this will allow more light into the camera and help you capture more stars in your shot. Finally, you’ll need to select a shutter speed – typically between 10–30 seconds is enough for capturing stars.
Take The Shot
Now it’s time to take the shot! Make sure your camera is set up and stable on the tripod, then press the shutter button.
Depending on your location and settings, you may need to take a few shots to get the perfect one – so take your time and experiment with different settings until you get the image you’re looking for.
Top Tips For Photographing The Night Sky
Now that we have walked through the basic process, it is time to look at some top tips and tricks for photographing the night sky.
These will help you get the best possible shots, so take a few moments to read through them before heading out on your next shooting adventure.
1. Shoot During The New Moon
If you are looking to capture stars, satellites, and planets, the new moon is a great time to photograph the night sky as it produces very little light pollution and provides plenty of darkness for capturing stars.
Aim to shoot during this time as it will give you the best results.
2. Use A Wide-Angle Lens
As we mentioned, using a wide-angle lens will allow you to capture more of the night sky in one single shot, giving your images greater impact and interest.
Make sure to use a lens with an aperture between f/1.8 and f/2.8 – this will ensure you get the maximum amount of light in your images.
3. Shoot In Raw Format
Shooting in raw format will give you more control over the final image, as it allows you to make adjustments to things like exposure and white balance without any loss of quality.
This is a great way to ensure that your night sky photographs turn out looking their best.
4. Use A High ISO
If you are shooting in low light conditions, it can be a good idea to use a higher ISO setting. This will allow more light into the camera and help you capture brighter images with less noise or grain.
Just make sure to keep an eye on the ISO level, as using too high of an ISO can introduce noise into your photos.
5. Play Around With Longer Shutter Speeds
Longer shutter speeds – around 10–30 seconds – will allow more light into the camera and help you capture brighter stars in your images.
However, be sure to take test shots first, as too long of a shutter speed can cause star trails and blur the stars, ruining your photos.
6. Be Patient
One of the most important things to remember when photographing the night sky is that patience is key. Don’t be afraid to take your time and experiment with different settings and compositions until you get the shot you are looking for.
The night sky is an incredible canvas, and with the right equipment and a bit of practice, you can capture stunning photographs of stars, satellites, and planets (see also “How To Photograph Shooting Stars“).
We hope this article has given you some useful tips on how to photograph the night sky, so get out there and start shooting!