Mist is one of the most mysterious weather phenomena that can give your photos a magical twist. But while mist is romantic, poetic and haunting, it isn’t easy to capture in a photo.
So, how to photograph mist? When you set out to capture the beauty of fog and mist, then there are a few things to keep in mind, such as the time of day, the lighting conditions and camera settings.
In this practical guide, we’ll take a closer look at how to capture mist and fog with your camera.
1. Understand Fog And Mist
Although we often use the terms mist and fog interchangeably, there is a difference between these two types of clouds.
It is essential to understand these differences because they can impact the appearance of your photo, where you shoot and your camera settings.
Mist is typically less dense than fog. This means that it doesn’t last as long and you can see a lot more through mist.
On the other hand, fog is like thick clouds moving near the ground and the visibility is relatively low when shooting fog.
There are a number of different types of fog, depending on your location. Some of the most stunning fog examples include valley fog, steam fog and sea fog.
2. Choose The Right Location
The location is important in many different types of photography but it is vital that you pick the right location for your fog photography.
Mist and fog don’t happen everywhere all the time, so you need to find the right spot where this weather phenomenon forms.
Plus, you also need to scout out a good vantage point where you can capture mist and your chosen objects of interest.
A mountain peak or hill is the ideal place to get a good overview. This higher elevation allows you to capture the different layers and movements of the mist adding contrast and perspective to your shot.
3. Watch The Weather
As a common weather phenomenon, the formation of mist depends solely on the weather conditions. It is a good idea to keep an eye on the weather forecast when you are planning to photograph mist.
Many weather sites also predict mist, humidity levels and visibility for individual times of the day and your chosen location.
4. Try Different Exposure Settings
Light and shadow continually change with mixing weather conditions, so you need to try a few different settings on your camera.
Make sure that you know how to set the exposure levels on your gear manually before you head out. This means you won’t lose any time when you are working with your equipment.
Generally, mist moves slowly, so you can choose a slow shutter speed with a long exposure to capture the beautiful movements of the fog.
This is a great way to give your photograph the impression of dense fog. It also makes any objects stand out more.
Just keep in mind that you will need a tripod when you want to use slower shutter speeds to ensure the photo doesn’t end up blurry.
5. Make Use Of Natural Lighting
What makes fog and mist photography so different from other visual styles is that you can play with subtle shadows and light.
As mist blocks out the sunlight, there is typically not a lot of light around which softens the contrasts.
If you want to add more contrast to your photo, then choose a location where the light is near the edge of the frame.
Fog and mist can look stunning when the light comes from behind, especially when there is a little bight of sunlight or streetlight peeking through the dense fog.
6. Pick The Right Gear
Capturing fog and mist doesn’t require any special gear. You need a tripod, a long lens and your camera. Depending on the time of year, you may also want to pack some wet-weather clothes.
The long lens is ideal for emphasizing depth in your photo which can make the fog look even denser. And the tripod is essential, so you can play around with various exposure settings.
7. Watch The Color Balance
Unless you plan to shoot in black and white, it is good to keep in mind that there is very little color in a misty photograph.
This means that when you want to capture any color, you will need to keep an eye on the auto color balance in your photos.
However, this depends on the time of day you want to shoot. If you plan to photograph mist in the early morning, then set your camera to auto white balance (AWB) to capture the cool blue of the mist scene.
8. Play With Layers
Mist is a little bit like an onion. It has depth with plenty of layers that you can capture in an image. Try to include a variety of interesting elements in the background and middle ground.
9. Create Silhouettes For More Interest
While you can’t play a lot with color in misty photography, there are a lot of other points of interest that you can work with, including textures and details.
Different details that create a contrast to the smooth gray mist around can give your photographs depth and meaning.
10. Capture Contrasting Textures
Fog and mist always appear to have a flowing texture which can look dull if you don’t contrast it with any other textured object around.
From stones and boulders and cliff edges, there are many natural textures that you can use to create more interest in your photography.
11. Keep It Simple
Last but not least on our list is simply simplicity. What makes mist so mysterious is that it doesn’t unveil too much information about the objects seen in the photo.
Photographers can capture the powerful, minimalist aesthetics of mist that often says a lot more than too much detail in a photo.
Mist is one of the most beautiful natural phenomena that you can capture with your camera. While you will need to venture out early to catch the right light, the effect can be well worth the early start.